GDP growth rate in 2013 rose 5.42% year-over-year, higher than 5.25% of 2012.
GDP growth rate of the industry and construction sector rose 5.43%, lower than 5.75% of 2012.
CPI in 2013 rose 6.04% year-on-year (the lowest growth rate in the past 10 years).
Import and export in 2013: Export turnover was estimated at 132.2 billion USD, rose 15.4% year-on-year. Import turnover reached 131.3 billion USD, rose 15.4% year-on-year. This means Vietnam continued trade surplus of over 0.9 billion USD, after already trade surplus of 780 million USD in 2012 (domestic sector reached trade deficit at 13.1 billion USD, foreign invested sector reached trade surplus at 14 billion USD).
According to statistics of the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, FDI in 2013 was registered at 21.6 billion USD, total FDI disbursement was 11.5 billion USD (highest in the past four years).
Retail sales value of goods and services in 2013 was 2,618,000 billion VND, rose 12.6% year-on-year (lowest growth rate in the past four years). Excluding price factor, retail sales value of goods and services in 2013 rose 5.6%.
Economic situation in 2013 strongly affected the paper industry. Paper consumption reduced, price was low, production costs continued to increase and paper imported increased significantly, which caused more difficulties for Vietnamese paper manufacturers.
Economy growth rate was low over the years caused downtime for tens of thousands of businesses. In Vietnam’s Pulp and Paper industry, many businesses went bankrupt, including Tan Mai Corporation Joint-stock Company, the second biggest paper company in Vietnam, My Huong Paper Joint-stock Company that ranked tenth in capacity in Vietnam and nearly hundreds of small-sized companies whose capacity below 10,000 tons/year.
Bleached hardwood kraft (BHK) pulp production: mainly at An Hoa Paper Joint-stock Company whose capacity at 130,000 tons/years and at Vietnam Paper Company whose capacity at 75,000 tons/years.
Despite newly established company, pulp output of An Hoa Paper Joint-stock Company in 2013 reached over 80% design capacity. Vietnam Paper Company also utilized its pulp capacity. Therefore, BHK pulp output in 2013 was 180,000 tons/year.
Unbleached hardwood kraft (UHK) pulp production was still continued at several medium-sized integrated sites, for internal use. Output in 2013 was about 80,000 tons/years.
Chemical thermal mechanical pulp (CTMP) production in Vietnam was totally stopped, due to downtime of Tan Mai Paper Factory (belongs to Tan Mai Corporation Joint-stock Company) for movement.
Pulp import and export