Area: 331,114 sq. km. (127,243 sq. mi.);
Other cities: Ho Chi Minh City; Haiphong; Danang; Can Tho
Climate: Tropical monsoon.
Population (2011): 90 million.
Annual population growth rate (2011): 1.077%.
Languages: Vietnamese (official), English, Chinese, and other ethnic minority languages.
The average annual foreign investment commitment has risen sharply since foreign investment was authorized in 1988, although the global economic crisis affected FDI in 2009. In 2010, disbursed FDI capital totaled $11.0 billion, up 10% compared to 2009. Registered FDI (including new and additional capital) was $18.6 billion in 2010, a fall of about 20% compared to 2009. In 2010, actual disbursed FDI was $11 billion and registered FDI was $18.6 billion. In 2010, Vietnam’s exports ($71.6 billion) were up by 25%. Vietnam’s imports ($84 billion) were up by 22% from 2009, and the country was still running a structural trade deficit, reaching $12.4 billion in 2010
The richness of Vietnam's origins is evident throughout its culture. Spiritual life in Vietnam is a grand panoply of belief systems, including Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Tam Giao (literally 'triple religion'), which is a blend of Taoism, popular Chinese beliefs, and ancient Vietnamese animism.